C-C motif chemokine 3

See alternative names
Tonsillar lymphocyte LD78 alpha protein,
Small-inducible cytokine A3,
PAT 464.1,
Macrophage inflammatory protein 1-alpha,
G0/G1 switch regulatory protein 19-1

Uniprot Function Description

Monokine with inflammatory and chemokinetic properties. Binds to CCR1, CCR4 and CCR5. One of the major HIV-suppressive factors produced by CD8+ T-cells. Recombinant MIP-1-alpha induces a dose-dependent inhibition of different strains of HIV-1, HIV-2, and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV).

Additional notes

CCL3 shares ~58% amino acid sequence identity with CCL4 (P13236) and the CCL3 assay shows cross-reactive signal with CCL4. The signal contribution varies between subjects, from 3%-8% at endogenous levels.

Sample type

Human EDTA plasma and serum are the recommended sample types. Human citrate plasma, heparin plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are also accepted. For other samples types e.g tissue or cell lysates, we recommend Olink Target 96 panels. Please note that protein expression levels are expected to vary in different sample types and certain assays may be affected by interfering substances such as hemolysate.


Precision (repeatability) is calculated from linearized NPX values over LOD.

Within run precision Coefficient of Variation (CV)
Between run precision Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Analytical measuring range

The technical data reported below refers to the measured value in the in vitro validation assays run using known concentrations of recombinant antigen. Please note that these figures are for reference only and CANNOT be used to convert NPX values to absolute concentrations for proteins measured in plasma or serum samples.

LOD (pg/ml)
LLOQ (pg/ml)
ULOQ (pg/ml)
Hook (pg/ml)
Range (log10)

Dilution factor

For optimal assay readout, Olink Explore is run using different dilutions of the original samples (undiluted, 1:10, 1:100 or 1:1000). The dilution factor for this assay is noted below and should be taken into account when estimating the appropriate addressable biological concentration of the protein based on the in vitro validation data.

Dilution factor

Sensitivity plot

The calibrator curve shown below visualizes the analytical measuring range data based on in vitro measurement of recombinant antigen. Please note that this is shown for reference only and CANNOT be used to convert NPX values to absolute concentrations for proteins measured in plasma or serum samples. The vertical dotted lines represent LLOQ and ULOQ respectively, and the horizontal line indicates the LOD.

Sample distribution plot

The plot below shows the levels of protein measured in a number of commercial plasma samples. Healthy subjects are shown in blue and samples obtained from patients with a range of diseases are shown in red. The latter include inflammatory, cardiovascular, autoimmune & neurological diseases, as well as cancer. The data is shown to give a general idea of the sort of NPX range to expect, but cannot cover all potential levels that may be seen in clinical samples.